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Ubuntu
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Ubuntu: tiff vulnerability  06 July 2009 
Posted by Benjamin D. Thomas   
It was discovered that the TIFF library did not correctly handle certain malformed TIFF images. If a user or automated system were tricked into processing a malicious image, a remote attacker could cause an application linked against libtiff to crash, leading to a denial of service.
 
Ubuntu: Perl vulnerability  02 July 2009 
Posted by Benjamin D. Thomas   
It was discovered that the Compress::Raw::Zlib Perl module incorrectly handled certain zlib compressed streams. If a user or automated system were tricked into processing a specially crafted compressed stream or file, a remote attacker could crash the application, leading to a denial of service.
 
Ubuntu: Nagios vulnerability  02 July 2009 
Posted by Benjamin D. Thomas   
It was discovered that Nagios did not properly parse certain commands submitted using the WAP web interface. An authenticated user could exploit this flaw and execute arbitrary programs on the server.
 
Ubuntu: OpenSSL vulnerabilities  25 June 2009 
Posted by Benjamin D. Thomas   
It was discovered that OpenSSL did not limit the number of DTLS records it would buffer when they arrived with a future epoch. A remote attacker could cause a denial of service via memory resource consumption by sending a large number of crafted requests. (CVE-2009-1377) It was discovered that OpenSSL did not properly free memory when processing DTLS fragments. A remote attacker could cause a denial of service via memory resource consumption by sending a large number of crafted requests. (CVE-2009-1378) It was discovered that OpenSSL did not properly handle certain server certificates when processing DTLS packets. A remote DTLS server could cause a denial of service by sending a message containing a specially crafted server certificate. (CVE-2009-1379) It was discovered that OpenSSL did not properly handle a DTLS ChangeCipherSpec packet when it occured before ClientHello. A remote attacker could cause a denial of service by sending a specially crafted request. (CVE-2009-1386) It was discovered that OpenSSL did not properly handle out of sequence DTLS handshake messages. A remote attacker could cause a denial of service by sending a specially crafted request. (CVE-2009-1387)
 
Ubuntu: Moodle vulnerabilities  24 June 2009 
Posted by Benjamin D. Thomas   
Thor Larholm discovered that PHPMailer, as used by Moodle, did not correctly escape email addresses. A local attacker with direct access to the Moodle database could exploit this to execute arbitrary commands as the web server user. (CVE-2007-3215) Nigel McNie discovered that fetching https URLs did not correctly escape shell meta-characters. An authenticated remote attacker could execute arbitrary commands as the web server user, if curl was installed and configured. (CVE-2008-4796, MSA-09-0003) It was discovered that Smarty (also included in Moodle), did not correctly filter certain inputs. An authenticated remote attacker could exploit this to execute arbitrary PHP commands as the web server user. (CVE-2008-4810, CVE-2008-4811, CVE-2009-1669) It was discovered that the unused SpellChecker extension in Moodle did not correctly handle temporary files. If the tool had been locally modified, it could be made to overwrite arbitrary local files via symlinks. (CVE-2008-5153) Mike Churchward discovered that Moodle did not correctly filter Wiki page titles in certain areas. An authenticated remote attacker could exploit this to cause cross-site scripting (XSS), which could be used to modify or steal confidential data of other users within the same web domain. (CVE-2008-5432, MSA-08-0022) It was discovered that the HTML sanitizer, "Login as" feature, and logging in Moodle did not correctly handle certain inputs. An authenticated remote attacker could exploit this to generate XSS, which could be used to modify or steal confidential data of other users within the same web domain. (CVE-2008-5619, CVE-2009-0500, CVE-2009-0502, MSA-08-0026, MSA-09-0004, MSA-09-0007) It was discovered that the HotPot module in Moodle did not correctly filter SQL inputs. An authenticated remote attacker could execute arbitrary SQL commands as the moodle database user, leading to a loss of privacy or denial of service. (CVE-2008-6124, MSA-08-0010) Kevin Madura discovered that the forum actions and messaging settings in Moodle were not protected from cross-site request forgery (CSRF). If an authenticated user were tricked into visiting a malicious website while logged into Moodle, a remote attacker could change the user's configurations or forum content. (CVE-2009-0499, MSA-09-0008, MSA-08-0023) Daniel Cabezas discovered that Moodle would leak usernames from the Calendar Export tool. A remote attacker could gather a list of users, leading to a loss of privacy. (CVE-2009-0501, MSA-09-0006) Christian Eibl discovered that the TeX filter in Moodle allowed any function to be used. An authenticated remote attacker could post a specially crafted TeX formula to execute arbitrary TeX functions, potentially reading any file accessible to the web server user, leading to a loss of privacy. (CVE-2009-1171, MSA-09-0009) Johannes Kuhn discovered that Moodle did not correctly validate user permissions when attempting to switch user accounts. An authenticated remote attacker could switch to any other Moodle user, leading to a loss of privacy. (MSA-08-0003) Hanno Boeck discovered that unconfigured Moodle instances contained XSS vulnerabilities. An unauthenticated remote attacker could exploit this to modify or steal confidential data of other users within the same web domain. (MSA-08-0004) Debbie McDonald, Mauno Korpelainen, Howard Miller, and Juan Segarra Montesinos discovered that when users were deleted from Moodle, their profiles and avatars were still visible. An authenticated remote attacker could exploit this to store information in profiles even after they were removed, leading to spam traffic. (MSA-08-0015, MSA-09-0001, MSA-09-0002) Lars Vogdt discovered that Moodle did not correctly filter certain inputs. An authenticated remote attacker could exploit this to generate XSS from which they could modify or steal confidential data of other users within the same web domain. (MSA-08-0021) It was discovered that Moodle did not correctly filter inputs for group creation, mnet, essay question, HOST param, wiki param, and others. An authenticated remote attacker could exploit this to generate XSS from which they could modify or steal confidential data of other users within the same web domain. (MDL-9288, MDL-11759, MDL-12079, MDL-12793, MDL-14806) It was discovered that Moodle did not correctly filter SQL inputs when performing a restore. An attacker authenticated as a Moodle administrator could execute arbitrary SQL commands as the moodle database user, leading to a loss of privacy or denial of service. (MDL-11857)
 
Ubuntu: GStreamer Good Plugins vulnerability  22 June 2009 
Posted by Benjamin D. Thomas   
Tielei Wang discovered that GStreamer Good Plugins did not correctly handle malformed PNG image files. If a user were tricked into opening a crafted PNG image file with a GStreamer application, an attacker could cause a denial of service via application crash, or possibly execute arbitrary code with the privileges of the user invoking the program.
 
Ubuntu: Tomcat vulnerabilities  15 June 2009 
Posted by Benjamin D. Thomas   
Iida Minehiko discovered that Tomcat did not properly normalise paths. A remote attacker could send specially crafted requests to the server and bypass security restrictions, gaining access to sensitive content. (CVE-2008-5515) Yoshihito Fukuyama discovered that Tomcat did not properly handle errors when the Java AJP connector and mod_jk load balancing are used. A remote attacker could send specially crafted requests containing invalid headers to the server and cause a temporary denial of service. (CVE-2009-0033) D. Matscheko and T. Hackner discovered that Tomcat did not properly handle malformed URL encoding of passwords when FORM authentication is used. A remote attacker could exploit this in order to enumerate valid usernames. (CVE-2009-0580) Deniz Cevik discovered that Tomcat did not properly escape certain parameters in the example calendar application which could result in browsers becoming vulnerable to cross-site scripting attacks when processing the output. With cross-site scripting vulnerabilities, if a user were tricked into viewing server output during a crafted server request, a remote attacker could exploit this to modify the contents, or steal confidential data (such as passwords), within the same domain. (CVE-2009-0781) Philippe Prados discovered that Tomcat allowed web applications to replace the XML parser used by other web applications. Local users could exploit this to bypass security restrictions and gain access to certain sensitive files. (CVE-2009-0783)
 
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